Cash Flow Statement in Excel: How To Create A Good One In 2023
Managing cash flow is crucial for businesses of all sizes. Understanding your company's cash inflows and outflows can help you make informed decisions, optimize operations, and improve financial performance. One of the most effective ways to gain visibility into your cash flow is by creating a cash flow statement in Excel.
Excel is a powerful tool that allows you to organize, analyze, and present financial data clearly and concisely. A cash flow statement in Excel will help you easily track your cash flow and identify trends, risks, and opportunities. Moreover, Excel provides flexibility and control over your data, enabling you to make changes quickly.
In this guide, we will show you how to create a cash flow statement in Excel that does not suck. We will provide step-by-step instructions on building your cash flow statement from scratch and best practices for accuracy and error-proofing. We will also introduce you to Zebra BI for Office, a powerful add-in for Excel that can help you take your cash flow statement to the next level with actionable charts and next-level tables.
Whether you are a small business owner or a controller, this guide will provide the tools and knowledge you need to create a top-notch cash flow statement in Excel. So let's get started!
The fastest way to create a cash flow statement in Excel
Get the feature-rich report template that shows how different factors affect your cash flow and presents your numbers in context.
Understanding the Cash Flow Statement
Before we dive into the nitty-gritty of creating a cash flow statement in Excel, it's essential to understand what a cash flow statement is and why it matters.
A cash flow statement is a financial statement that shows how cash is coming in and going out of a company during a specific period.
It provides an overview of a company's cash position by breaking down cash inflows and outflows into three categories: operating activities, investing activities, and financing activities.
- Operating activities refer to cash inflows and outflows that result from a company's primary business operations, such as revenue from sales, payments to suppliers, and salaries to employees.
- Investing activities refer to cash inflows and outflows that result from buying and selling long-term assets, such as equipment, property, or stocks.
- Financing activities refer to cash inflows and outflows that result from raising and repaying debt, issuing and buying back stock, or paying dividends.
By tracking these three categories, a cash flow statement provides a comprehensive picture of a company's cash position, helping investors and managers understand how well the company manages its finances.
In the next section, we will discuss how to prepare to create your cash flow statement in Excel, including determining data sources and organizing your data.
Preparing to Create Your Cash Flow Statement in Excel
Outlining your cash flow statement, determining your data sources, and organizing your data are crucial steps before you start building the cash flow statement in Excel. A step-by-step procedure would look like this:
- Outline your cash flow statement: To create a cash flow statement that meets your needs, start by outlining the sections you want to include. For example, you can add sections for operating, investing, and financing activities.
- Determine your data sources: Once you have outlined your cash flow statement, determine the data sources you need to use. This may include your financial and bank statements and other financial records.
- Organize your data: To make it easier to create your cash flow statement in Excel, organize your data in a clear and consistent manner. This may involve formatting your data, removing duplicates, and sorting your data by date or category.
- Consider using Zebra BI: If you're struggling to visualize your data or want to streamline the process, consider using Zebra BI for Office. This powerful add-in for Excel can help you organize your data and create clear & understandable charts and tables.
By taking these steps to prepare your cash flow statement in Excel, you will be able to create a statement that is accurate, comprehensive, and easy to read. In the next section, we will discuss building your cash flow statement in Excel, including creating a layout and inputting data.
Building Your Cash Flow Statement in Excel
Now that you have prepared to create your cash flow statement in Excel, it's time to start building it. Here's what you need to do:
- Create a layout: Start by creating a layout for your cash flow statement. This should include the sections you outlined in the preparation phase, as well as rows and columns for inputting your data.
- Build the operating activities section: Start with the operating activities section, typically the largest section of a cash flow statement. Input your data for cash inflows and outflows related to your primary business operations, such as revenue, cost of goods sold, and salaries.
- Create the investing and financing activities sections: Once you have inputted your data for the operating activities section, move on to the investing and financing activities sections. Input your data for cash inflows and outflows related to long-term assets, debt, equity, and dividends.
- Error-proof your cash flow statement: Finally, make sure to error-proof your cash flow statement by checking your data for accuracy and consistency. You will probably want to double-check formulas and functions in Excel to ensure that your calculations are correct. The Zebra BI add-in can automatically calculate variances for you.
By following these steps, you can create a cash flow statement in Excel that is accurate, comprehensive, and easy to read.
For a more advanced cash flow statement, consider Zebra BI for Office. As we move forward, we will explore how Zebra BI can make your cash flow statement more powerful and actionable.
Enhancing Your Cash Flow Statement in Excel with Zebra BI
As we've learned, the cash flow statement shows how a company's cash and cash equivalents have changed over a specific period. It provides invaluable insight into a company's liquidity and ability to generate cash flow.
Let's have a look at how this works in the example below.
We can see that a cash flow statement displays cash inflows and outflows from operations, investments, and financing activities. The final items clearly show the amount of cash and cash equivalents that a company had at the beginning of the period and the end of it.
But the report in the image above is not your regular cash flow statement. Most cash flow statements have nothing but plain numbers on a chart, which makes them extremely difficult to read. The one created with Zebra BI for Office includes powerful elements that make it easily understandable with just one glance. Let's have a look at what some of them are.
Key elements of an actionable cash flow statement
The above cash flow statement is a feature-rich report that uses a waterfall chart on the actual value to illustrate how various categories affect cash flow. Additionally, it displays absolute variances, which show how actual results deviate from the plan and the previous year's numbers.
Once again, the report is structured to clearly show how individual elements combine into larger groups, using subtotals and calculations.
When you understand your cash flow, you can make more informed decisions about hiring, equipment purchases, expansion, and salary increases.
Creating a cash flow statement
Now let's create a simple cash flow statement. Open the Excel spreadsheet with your data and insert a Zebra BI Tables visual. To do that, click Insert on your tool ribbon, then click the My Add-ins button. Select Zebra BI Tables for Office. You will see a table with an overlay, where you should click Continue with a free license.
To change the Zebra BI Tables visual into a waterfall chart, expand it and click on the AC column.
The next step is to change the selected values to Results.
What's super neat is that these visuals are interactive: if you enlarge the chart, it will automatically add more information. For example, it also adds relative variances in addition to absolute variances for a more complete overview.
See exactly how this works in the gif below:
So cool, right? For even faster results, you can also grab a cash flow statement template & start there.
What's important to note is that Zebra BI Charts and Tables for Office are IBCS-certified, which ensures consistent reporting out of the box.
Creating a cash flow statement in Excel doesn't have to be difficult. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can create an accurate and effective cash flow statement that provides valuable insights into your company's financial performance. And with Zebra BI for Office, you can take your cash flow statement to the next level with stunning visualizations that make it easy to understand and communicate your financial data.
Check this short video to see how easy is to create a cash flow statement in Excel with Zebra BI for Office:
Now that you know just how easy it can be to build such an actionable cash flow statement in Excel, why not give it a go with your data?
Create advanced cash flow statement in Excel fast
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